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American Elm
Ulmus americana

This elm, also called Water Elm or White Elm, is native to eastern North America and, prior to the introduction of Dutch Elm disease in 1930, individual trees would grow up to 30 m in height. The dark green leaves have saw-toothed edges and turn bright yellow in the fall. Dutch Elm disease, caused by a fungus spread by bark beetles, has damaged most of the populations of the American Elm in the United States.

Habitat:Rich woods, floodplains, stream banks.
Growth Habit:Deciduous tree, growing up to 36 m tall.
Bloom Time:Early spring.
Longevity:Up to 300 years.
Presence in US:AL AR CT DC DE FL GA IA IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MS MT NC ND NE NH NJ NY OH OK PA RI SC SD TN TX VA VT WI WV WY
Presence in Canada:MB NB NS ON QC SK
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This project was supported in part by NSF Grant IIS-03-25867 (ITR: An Electronic Field Guide: Plant Exploration and Discovery in the 21st Century) and by the Washington Biologists' Field Club.
Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official views, opinions, or policy of the National Science Foundation (NSF).