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American Hornbeam
Carpinus caroliniana

This small tree is native to eastern North America. The smooth greenish-gray bark covering the trunk becomes sculpted with age to resemble the muscles of a flexed arm. Beavers commonly use this tree for food as well as construction material because it is abundant in their local habitats. It is also called Blue-Beech, Ironwood, Musclewood or Water Beech.

Habitat:Moist soils in woods and along streams.
Growth Habit:Deciduous shrub or small tree, growing to 5-12 m tall.
Bloom Time:Mid-spring.
Longevity:Moderate.
Presence in US:AL AR CT DC DE FL GA IA IL IN KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MS NC NH NJ NY OH OK PA RI SC TN TX VA VT WI WV
Presence in Canada:ON QC
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This project was supported in part by NSF Grant IIS-03-25867 (ITR: An Electronic Field Guide: Plant Exploration and Discovery in the 21st Century) and by the Washington Biologists' Field Club.
Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official views, opinions, or policy of the National Science Foundation (NSF).