American Hornbeam

Carpinus caroliniana

This small tree is native to eastern North America. The smooth greenish-gray bark covering the trunk becomes sculpted with age to resemble the muscles of a flexed arm. Beavers commonly use this tree for food as well as construction material because it is abundant in their local habitats.
Habitat:
Moist soils in woods and along streams.
Growth Habit:
Deciduous shrub or small tree, growing to 5-12 m tall.
Bloom Time:
Mid-spring.
Longevity:
Moderate.
Presence in US:
AL AR CT DC DE FL GA IA IL IN KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MS NC NH NJ NY OH OK PA RI SC TN TX VA VT WI WV