Black Spruce

Picea mariana

This North American native to the cold swamps and bogs has a narrow conical shape and can grow up to 75 feet in height. Needles are grayish-green with lines of white dots noticeable on the underside. This species is used for wood pulp production. Black spruce provides valuable food and shelter to birds, small mammals and hoofed mammals. Its cones can persist on the tree for years.
Habitat:
Cold swamps and bogs
Presence in US:
AK CT IL MA ME MI MN NH NJ NY PA RI VT WI
Presence in Canada:
AB BC LB MB NB NF NS NT NU ON PE QC SK YT